Water diversion, Dead Sea

Left: November 9, 1984. Right: November 28, 2011. The Dead Sea lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, bordering Jordan, Israel and the West Bank. It is one of the world’s saltiest bodies of water, too salty to harbor any life other than bacteria. Minerals from the sea, however, are extracted for various industrial purposes. Mineral […]

Speeding Ahead

Major cities in Asia are growing at top speed. The members of the new middle class are massively buying scooters. Their first step towards the holy cow of civilization: the car. Trafic during rush hour in Saigon is still moving at a pleasant speed. This will be over when all these drivers can afford a car.

The Ultimate Water War

Little is left of the Jordan River. Most of the water is diverted for irrigating farmlands and supplying cities. Few rivers have spawned conflict like the Jordan River has. Years of below average rainfall forced the bordering countries to search for alternative sources. The ultimate project is a proposed conveyance system between the Red Sea and Dead Sea. ‘It is the only major project in which Israel, the Palestine Authorities and Jordan cooperate.’

Irrigation The Lifeline of Egypt

The Egyptian Nile delta is one of the most fertile areas in the world. Therefore it is no wonder that this region has been used for intensive farming for decades. Although the Nile delivers a constant flow of fresh water, farmers will have to improve the rate of efficiency of their irrigation.

Working the land

Millions and millions of small farmers establish the backbone of Egypt`s farming sector. Only a few dozen of large agricultural companies produce on a professional level that is comparable to European standards. According to some people, the future of Egypt`s agriculture lies in the desert. Others disagree. All agree, though, on one aspect: water for agriculture is scarce. And it is getting scarcer.

Egypt’s Own Water War

20 million then, 80 million nowadays, 150 million in the near future. Egypt’s population is exploding. All these people have to share the same amount of water, that mainly comes from Egypt’s lifeline the Nile. According to a recent study, Egypt’s demand for water will exceed the supply in 2017. How to avoid such a situation? Will there be enough water for all?

Efficiency or War

Egypt and Ethiopia have some of the fastest growing populations in the world. Both countries went from 20 million in the 1950s to 80 million now and 150 million inhabitants in the near future. Almost all these people depend on from the Nile for their surival. The previous Egyptian Water Minister even threatened with a water war, should Ethiopia build a dam in the Nile. The struggle for survival has begun.